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Money in Japan (Banknotes and Coins) Japanese of this page

Post: Monday August 1, 2016

Despite growth of credit card use, you will still find yourself paying by cash in many occasions in your daily Tokyo life. Surprisingly, there are still many restaurants and stores which will not accept credit card payment.

Here we explain to you the official currency in Tokyo and how to use them.

Money in Japan

The official currency in Japan is Yen. (¥)

There are 4 types of paper bill: ¥1,000, ¥2,000, ¥5,000, \10,000 and 6 types of coins.

Banknotes (Paper money)

The most common paper bill you will see are ¥10,000, ¥5,000, ¥1,000 paper bill. ¥2,000 paper bills are very rare. Many foreigners are surprised about the Japanese paper bills preserving in good condition for a long time.

JPY10,000

10000円札

This is the maximum amount for the Japanese paper bill.

The front of this bill features an image of the samurai Yukichi Fukuzawa (1835 - 1901) who was also an intellectual and an educator. One of the top Universities in Japan, Keio University was founded by Yukichi Fukuzawa. His famous book is "Gakumon no susume" (An Encouragement of Learning) written in 1872.

The reverse side is a picture of the ho-o phoenix (fictional beast) statue from the Byodo-in temple in Uji, near Kyoto. The ho-o phoenix is said to bring fortune and happiness to the people.

Large bills like this ¥10,000 yen bill is not accepted in most vending machines and when paying for parking. But they are accepted when purchasing train tickets or train passes (SUICA or PASMO) since people take the train with long distance and sometimes use as pre-paid cards. When you take the taxi for a short distance, the taxi driver might be short with change so please try to use a smaller bill when paying.

JPY5,000

5000円札

¥5,000 features Ichiyo Higuchi (1872- 1896) from Meiji Era, Japan's first prominent female writer on the front. Although she had a short lifetime dying at the age of 24, her stories had a large impact on Japanese literature and is still respected to this day.

The reverse side is a painting "Kakitsubata" by Ogata Korin (1658 - 1716) which is a national treasure.

Large bills like ¥5,000 yen bill is not accepted in most vending machines and when paying for parking. But they are accepted when purchasing train tickets or train passes (SUICA or PASMO) since people take the train with long distance and sometimes use as pre-paid cards.

JPY2,000

2000円札

¥2,000 was issued in 2000 to commemorate the 26th G8 Summit and the millennium.

This paper bill is rare to find. Shureimon, a 16th century gate at Shuri Castle in Okinawa Prefecture is on the front side. The backside depicts "Suzumushi" from the scene from the Tale of Genji.

As mentioned above, this bill is rare and many vending machines will not accept this bill.

JPY1,000

1000円札

¥1,000 has a portrait of Hideyo Noguchi (1876 - 1928), a bacteriologist who discovered the agent of syphilis as the cause of progressive paralytic disease in 1911. He was nominated for Novel Prize but soon died in West Africa from Yellow fever.

The backside of the paper has an upside down Mt.Fuji (from photo taken by Kouyo Okada from Niigata prefecture) and cherry blossoms.

This is the bill that goes around the most and this is why this bill is created slightly thicker than others.

6 different coins - ¥500, ¥100, ¥50, ¥5, ¥1

JPY500 Coin

500円

The largest yen coin. The front of this coin is engraved with the Paulownia flower. (Kiri) Along the top of the coin states "State of Japan" and the bottom states "500 yen". Bamboo is graved on the back of the coin. In Japan, bamboo represents strength and flexibility. Some restaurants promote "one coin" lunches, this means that the lunch is 500 yen.

JPY100 Coin

100円

This is probably the coin you will use the most. The front side of the coin is a very largely printed Cherry blossom.100 yen coins come in handy when it comes to paying at vending machines or riding the bus.

JPY50 Coin

50円

This coin has a hole in the middle with chrysanthemum engraved on the front side. The backside is engraved with the number 50 with the year of manufacture.

JPY10 Coin

10円

The Byoudoin is engraved on the front of this brown coin. Byodo-in is recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural heritage. This is the minimum amount of coin that can be used for vending machines.

JPY5 Coin

5円

This coin also has a hole in the middle. Please keep in mind that this coin cannot be used for vending machines. The front of the coin features a rice plant growing out of the water. The gear around the hole represents industry. The back side is engraved with 2 seed leaves. This coin is called "goen" in Japanese. "Goen" can also mean "fate". This positive coin is used to make the money offering for shrines into the offertory box.

JPY1 Coin

1円

This coin is made out of aluminum and this is the lightest in weight. The front side has a "Wakagi" in the middle which means a young tree in Japanese. This coin also cannot be used for vending machines.

Tipping

Tipping is not a common practice in Japan. If you try to give any tips, it will most likely be politely refused. Service charge (10 - 15%) will often be included in your bill.

Example: At restaurant

If you leave a tip on the table, the waiter might come chasing after you thinking that you forgot your money on the table.

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